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Pan Records

戦前ブルース音源研究所

Pre War Blues Laboratories


【Ishman Bracey】

fig_1

ミシシッピー州の州都ジャクソンのブルース・シーンのスターと言えば、トミー・ジョンソン イシュマン・ブレイシー
真っ先にその名前をあげられます。

 

二人ともチャーリー・パットンとの交流があったことは、かれらの演奏を聴けば感じることができますが、

イシュマン・ブレイシーの このギターを持った写真を見ればもっと良く分かるのではないでしょうか?

fig_2
(傷など修復作業されている写真)

この写真では、イシュマンはパットン親分と同じギターを持って不敵な笑みを浮かべています。(この頃はまだ前歯があります。)

このギターは、特徴的なヘッドの形からStromberg Voisinet社の製作したギターだと分かります。

Stromberg Voisinet社と言ってもピンとこられない方もおられるかもしれませんが、Kay というブランド名は

ご存じの方も多いのではないでしょうか?

こちらが、Kay のギターのヘッドです。

fig_3


もう一度イシュマン・ブレイシーの写真を良くご覧になって下さい。

なんと、ヘッドの形が逆です。

fig_4

イシュマンは左利き用の Kay をわざわざ使っていたのでしょうか?

いや、そもそも、左利き用の Kay のギターの存在を確認していません。

どういうことか?

             簡単なことです。

写真のネガを「裏向き」で焼いただけです。

こちらが正しい向きの写真です。いかがでしょうか?

さらに良く見ると、弦が逆に張ってあります。

fig_5
(修復前の元写真 表裏反転の正しい写真)

イシュマンは、オーティス・ラッシュやアルバート・キング同様、右利き用に弦の張られたギターを

そのまま左に持ち替えて使っていたのです。

さらに言えば、足の組み方も、その後に発表された写真(fig-1)と同じになります。

この写真は、有名なリサーチャーである、Gayle Dean Wardlow が発表したものですが、

反転写真とは、実におそまつなことです。

こういったリサーチャーの興味はブルースマンの音楽的なことではなく、

どこで生まれ、親は誰で、どんな場所で、どんな人生を送り、どこで、どうやって死んだか、

が興味の中心である、ということが顕著に分かります。

我々は演奏家でもありますから、イシュマン・ブレイシーが左利きであったという事実は、

非常に驚きでもあり、感慨深いことであります。     【山本】

____________________________________________________________________________________


発見された写真は硝酸ネガだったのでしょうか? 無数の傷が全体にあります。 

私達がもっとも目にする写真(fig_2)では、大きく修復されギターのバインディングや弦も書き足されてます。

私がグラフトンで確認した多くの1900~20年代のグラスネガティブは管理が悪く割れてしまっていたネガもありましたが、
この様な傷, 損傷はありませんでした。

写真は、ガラス板に結構しっかりと焼きつけられており 多少の摩擦では損傷しそうもありませんでした。

もしくは 用紙に焼き付けた写真だとしても この傷(fig_5)はまるでカッターの様な鋭利なものが無数に当たった様です。

写真のインク部分が剥がれてしまった様にも思えますが、剥がれた部分の色が黒いです。

発見されたネガを 表裏 間違えてしまったと考えるのが自然です。

しかし、その後この写真を見て左利きである事に気付かないのは、 よくなかった と思います (笑)

それと、コードフォームです。あれは左利きですね! 【菊地】

新しい認識として、イシュマン・ブレイシーは左利きにギターを構えており、左利きであった可能性が高いと
いう見解を示します。                      【戦前ブルース音源研究所 】

 

2013_8_19  FB の戦前音楽が集うページに イスラエルのブルースファン(演奏家)がイシュマンの動画を投稿

それを機に イシュマンの 左ぎっちょ 疑惑を投稿 しました。

 

コミュニティ・ページに収まらず ドイツのブルースリサーチャー ウィルツが Aki Blake Kikuchi へ再投稿

  •   Stefan Wirzさんが投稿しました。

    On my "Black & White Hillbilly & Blues Music" forum Akira Blake Kikuchi claims that the one known photograph of Ishman/Ishmon Bracey holding a guitar is mirror imaged!
    He wrote:"Hi everybody. The photograph is the right side and the wrong s...ide.. He is left-handed. This is Kaykraft guitar. Top Secret haha (from Pre War Blues Laboratories of Japan.)" and added a flipped photo of the man (as "lefty" player) ...

    My spontaneous thoughts about it:
    Unfortunately the usual indicators to unveil flipped photos (i.e. letters in the background or on objects, button strip, breast pocket, hair parting) can't be made out

    pro left handed:
    - the headstock of the guitar depicted isn't symmetrical (top more "protruding" than bottom), so, if he'd been right handed, he'd play the guitar upside down (which would be quite unusual for a "normal" player), if he'd been left handed, that'd d be quite "normal" for a lefty (compare Libba Cotten!)

    - I don't know, but isn't there a "usual" way for each person to cross one's leg? If the known photo with guitar is flipped (like Akira's photo) he crosses his right leg over his left leg - exactly like on the other known whole-body photo (without guitar) which graced Blues Unlimited 142 a while ago

    contra left handed:
    - Bracey until now has been known to play a Regal guitar (doesn't really count)
- are all those ethnomusicologists crazy not having found out yet?

Any other opinions ??


 

 
 


 
     Akira Blake Kikuchi さて 世界を動かしますよ。


      Stefan Wirz ^^ has already been done! ;-)


     

       Akira Blake Kikuchi   hahaha Hi Stefan. You are a splendid understanding person of my studies.

    Stefan Wirz ... my Japanese isn't bad either, he?! (with a little help of google translator) ;-)




  Akira Blake Kikuchi    me too.



  Neil Harp Left handed, no doubt in my mind. The man's playing left handed in the photo.



   
David J Costa To really answer this we would have to find out if Bracey was left-handed or right-handed. There *are* people out there who would know this.



  Stefan Wirz ^^ just re-read the Bracey parts of Wardlow's "Chasin' That Devil Music" and there's not one single hint towards Bracey playing left-handed --- wonder if'n he would have written about it *somewhere* if he (Wardlow) had sorta noticed?


   David J Costa I have Wardlow's contact information -- I can ask him. Also David Evans (who I don't know) would probably know this. 



    Billy Hutchinson Yeah Gayle Dean did a lot of research on him.




     Brad Pope ambidextrous




   
Steve Franz  As I believe I have recently mentioned, please god do NOT ask Lois Gibson ;)





   
 James Merideth somebody ask Gayle Dean Wardlow-he intervied him.




  
James Merideth also-does not look like a Kay Kraft guitar-which had a non-standard shape and were manufactured in the USA from 29-37 by Kay guitars.




    Stefan Wirz  ^^ just re-read the Bracey parts of Wardlow's "Chasin' That Devil Music" and there's not one single hint towards Bracey playing left-handed --- wonder if'n he would have written about it *somewhere* if he (Wardlow) had sorta noticed?




   
 Neil Harp I can identify this guitar. It is a Stromberg which has an asymmetrical headstock. Bearing this in mind, it should be easy for anybody to see which picture is right reading! The man's holding his guitar in the lefty position.






   Stefan Wirz ... that makes it clear, that the widely known photo of Bracey (with guitar) actually must have been flipped on its way to publication, and that it's supposed to rather look like this (showing Bracey playing left handed)










         Stefan Wirz  ^^ which doesn't necessarily mean that Bracey actually was a left-handed guitar player, 'cause we also have this Big Joe Williams photo (undisputed a right-hand player!) holding his guitar "the wrong way round" for a photo shooting:





   
Steven Salter It good that they both have headstones.


    Brad Barrett Then of course there's this one, much discussed and debated elsewhere earlier this year.






 

  Akira Blake Kikuchi The theory of Neil is right.
    I have not watched reverse of this Stromberg Voisinet guitar head stock.
    It is a Stromberg (kay kraft)guitar same as Charlie Patton.





 

   Stefan wirz... meanwhile I updated my Ishmon Bracey page accordingly!
    Remarks now reading as follows (and elsewhere on my page - of course - I gave thanks to Akira Blake Kikuchi and Neil Harpe for their stimulus resp. research in finding out):

    1) "Bracey's first name is Ishmon, not Ishman, his wife Annie said. She said he was named after an Old Testament character."
    (Gayle Dean Wardlow 1998, p. 45)

    2) The guitar Bracey's holding is a Stromberg (with an asymmetrical headstock - lower string side more "protruding" than higher string side!), which signifies that the originally published photo actually must have been flipped on its way to publication. That doesn't necessarily mean that Bracey was a left-handed guitar player, because we also have a Big Joe Williams photo (undisputedly a right-hand player!) holding his guitar equally "wrong way round" for a photo shooting!

    Any objections regarding content (or my English) ??? ;-)







            Akira Blake Kikuchi And we do not need the digital correction of the photograph.Telling truth is the most important thing. 






 
 Brat Barret I've always been a big proponent of leaving a thoroughly trashed artifact thoroughly trashed. And believe me, in my work, I've restored plenty of "bad off" images. This way mo' bettah methinks.


  Paul Petraitis Hey is that the charlie Patton photo with the over the top fingering that someone once showed me at Bluesfest but I never saw again?


  
    Stefan wirz^^ yes, it is,Paul --- and here it is in full glory (don't know where it has been first published - should do a CP discography, methinks) ;-)

 

 



   Bruce Conforth One thing that no one seems to have considered (at least I didn't see it mentioned) is that it's totally irrelevant which way the headstock is going. The question is how did he have it strung? Since there's no pickguard to give it away he obviously could have strung it to play as a lefty or as a righty and there'd be no way of us knowing, just based on which way the headstock is aimed (and I have one of these guitars so I know you can string it either way and there'd be no way of knowing the difference)...



   Stefan wirz ... this is the photo Akira Blake Kikuchi posted elsewhere - just checked if maybe the differing thickness of the strings can be seen on it - but it unfortunately can't :-( The strings as can be seen on the Yazoo CD "embellished" photo don't count, 'cause they're obviously traced via photoshop :-(





Stefan Wirzさんの写真




  Bruce Conforth  But you see what I mean? He could have strung it either way, so the shape of the headstock is irrelevant.



  Stefan wirz ^^ that's why I looked for the string thickness once again (to no avail), 'cause with said "false" Big Joe Williams photo it had been possible to diagnose the strings' thickness (and a breast pocket) as a means to decide how the guitar has been strung:









 
Bruce Conforth
 
       WAIT!!! I take it all back! LOL... The shape DOES matter! haha... I was just looking at my Stromberg and there's no way that the long side of the headstock can be on the down side of the guitar unless it's being played left-handed! Neil is right! (I should never question his guitar expertise! :)Bracey HAS to be playing it left handed! No question!!!

 

    Billy Hutchinson We need CSI on the case!

 

Stefan wirz... since I haven't access on account of molasses, err, I mean bum's rush ;-) : Has this issue been discussed on the RBF, and if so, to what result ???

 

 

 

ビンテージギターのリサーチャー/コレクター の 二ールも参戦し 大論争となりました。

ビンテージギターの見地からは、逆の切削をしたKayヘッドの現物を確認するまでは イシュマンは 左利きです。

右利きを主張するのであれば、せめて当時の左用のカタログでも提示しなければなりません。

 

右のギターを左で構えたからといって 左利き とはいいきれない。 じゃぁな 右で構えたギターリストも 右利きとは言い切れないじゃないか。

しかしほぼ 右利きと判断していい。

 

ただし、イシュマンが右利きだったとしても弦が 下から低音弦が貼ってあることをお見逃しなく(笑)

 

山本所長が仰っているように、ギターを逆に構えて演奏していた可能性が高いならば演奏にもその癖が出て来るはずです。

これは本当に 感慨深い事です。

 

この話は、いずれ ワードロー氏まで届くはずです。   



次回は 誰もが違和感を覚え、疑わしい事間違い無しと感じる、ロバート・ジョンソンの3枚目の写真を検証します。

ロバート・ジョンソン写真の謎-5


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